About Kaldnes K1 Media For Your Filter.
Kaldnes K1 Media
Kaldnes Moving Bed process, which has been scientifically tried and tested in fish farming and waste water treatment for over 10 years, is now available for fish keepers and is exclusively distributed worldwide by Evolution Aqua. The media is engineered in a wheel shape and is slightly positively buoyant. This allows a small amount of water flow to circulate the media throughout the vessel. This flow is created with your air pump and air stones or diffuser etc.
How It Works
Maturing the K1Media is important because a delicate eco-system is naturally developing for the bacteria involved in the nitrification process. K1 Media provides the maximum active surface area for the bacteria to colonise, more than other types of static media. It is this process which removes harmful ammonia and nitrite from the water.
How it is different to other media
As the K1 Media moves within the filter, it causes the old dead bacteria on the outside to be displaced. This makes space for new younger heavier feeding bacteria to rapidly colonise. Within the wheel is a protected surface which enables colonies of bacteria to naturally follow their lifecycle, of maturing, dying and then fueling the latter stages of the nitrification cycle. K1 Media has been designed to provide the best possible habitat for both young and mature beneficial bacterial colonies.
What is meant by ‘self cleaning’?
Unlike foam, matting, or other forms of static filtration media, the K1 Media is designed to move freely within your filter. The constant chaotic movement of the air from your pump, causes the media to self clean and thus requires no maintenance. This allows the filter to reach optimum effectiveness without the disturbance of periodic cleaning, avoiding unnecessary loss of bacteria within the filter. 50 Litres of K1 Media will handle up to 250 grams of food per day.
K1 Micro Filter Media
K1 media has been used by Evolution Aqua in Koi filtration systems for a number of years. This new type of filter media, K1 Micro, contains all of the benefits of traditional K1 media but is extruded in a much smaller form. The small wheel shaped filter media pieces provide a significantly increased protected surface area per cubic metre when compared to standard K1 for bacteria to colonise. K1 Micro can also be used to replace existing filter media
Improved solids handling.
A static bed of K1 Micro packs tightly together with areas for solid particles and fines to be captured, helping to reduce TDS levels.
Increased flow rate.
K1 Micro allows enough water to flow evenly through media rather than tracking around a “clump” of beads. This means that flow rates are improved when using “like for like” pumps.
Reduced back pressure.
The improved flow also reduces the back pressure or resistance inflicted on the pump. In turn this improves the pumps’ efficiency and may even result in the need for a lower rated pump which will ultimately save you money!
During a cleaning process, the bio-film remains protected within the K1 Micro.